Take profit: examples of profit taking on the stock exchange

What is profit-taking on the stock exchange?

In simple words, it is an exit from the current profitable transaction. While the transaction (position) is open, the profit on it is floating, it changes depending on the fluctuations of the quote. When a trader closes a trade, the profit is fixed.

Profit-taking in trading is the most pleasant process when, after closing a transaction, the balance increases due to the fact that floating profit is transferred to it as the financial result of the transaction. This scheme is the same in different markets. Profit-taking on stocks, futures, and cryptocurrencies occurs similarly.

At the same time, it is important to note that a trader can fix a floating profit both with the help of a take profit order (automatically) and manually.

What is take profit in trading?

This is a pending order that must be executed when the market price reaches a certain level. When this happens, a market order is sent to the exchange, which is directed against an open position, which leads to its closure.

For example. You have a long position open on the oil market, yesterday you bought it at 40.00. Today the price fluctuates around 41.00. You send a take profit to the broker at 42.00. This means that if the quote reaches 42.00 tomorrow, a market order for sale will be sent to the exchange. Thus, the take profit will work, your contracts will be sold, the position will be closed, and you will fix the profit from the transaction.

How can take profit be calculated?

In the most general case, there are 2 ways:

  • Mathematical. In this case, take profit is calculated according to formulas and proportions. For example, a trader sets a stop loss for 10 ticks. Then he can set a take profit for 15 or 20 ticks. Then the ratio of profit to risk will be 1:1.5 or 1:2 (excluding commissions). This is a rational ratio that you can work with.
  • Discretionary. In this case, the trader conducts an analysis, the purpose of which is to identify where it is better to set a take profit.

One of the effective ways is to use the volume analysis and functionality of the ATAS platform to track the activity of large market participants, and then come to a logical conclusion where to put take profit.

What is the difference between a take profit and a stop loss?

These are two very similar pending orders, they are both waiting for their time. In order for them to activate, you need a condition – the price reaches a certain level. Then they are triggered as triggers and send market orders to the exchange opposite to the open position, which leads to its closure.

An important difference is that a stop loss fixes a loss (so that it does not reach catastrophic proportions), a take profit fixes a profit.

There are still some differences between take profits and stop losses. It is believed that:

  • Take profits slow down the market, and stop losses accelerate the market;
  • Take profits are often placed before important levels, stop losses are placed behind important levels

How to set a take profit?

Take profit can be set:

  • during the opening of a position or after its opening;
  • manually or automatically;

There are defensive strategies in the ATAS trading platform. There you can set up a take profit so that it will be set automatically together with the opening of a position at a given distance.Atas trading platform

How to set take profit

What happens when a large number of taking profits are triggered?

At the points where a large number of taking profits are triggered, the market slows down.

For example, large traders are in purchases. They placed take profits below an important peak. When the price reaches the take profit level, sell orders begin to enter the market to close previously opened purchases. As a result, the uptrend may slow down, or even reverse. Because of this, sometimes there are ”shortfalls” of the price to the previous important levels.

Where are take profits often placed?

A popular place to place take profits is a price zone located near some important level, but not reaching it.Setting stop loss

Where to place take profits

Sellers at point 1 are likely to place their stop losses for the previous high. And buyers at point 2 are likely to place their take profits before the previous high.

Another place to place take profits may be the levels at which stop losses are presumably set. Then stop losses will be reduced to take profits.Taking profits

Where to place Profit Taking

Take profits placed in this way to have increased profit potential, but also a lower probability of execution.

When taking profits and stop losses are triggered massively, you can see a noticeable drop in open interest.Taking profits

How Profit Taking works

What do we see in the picture above? When the previous low was broken, a large number of market sales were sent to the market (this is evidenced by the red clusters). Obviously, numerous stop-losses of buyers have been triggered. Some of them were combined with the sellers’ take profits.

As a result, we are seeing a sharp drop in open interest, which indicates the exit of a large number of traders from the market.

Principles of Profit Taking

The general principle that will help in using take profit is“ “Cut losses, and let profits grow.”

The first part of this principle refers to the ”brother” of take profit – stop loss.

Stop loss should be clearly limited, and if the market goes against your position, then losses should be cut without regret, closing a losing trade. Sitting out losses, hoping for a price return, or emotionally averaging an open position, while also increasing the volume– is the way to lose the deposit. Losses need to be cut at the lowest possible level.

The second part of this principle already directly concerns take profit.

Place the take profit in such a way that the profit has the opportunity to grow. You need to give the market the opportunity to move in the direction of your transaction.

It is desirable that the take profit exceeds the stop loss several times. Give the market time to bring you a significant profit, set take profit at sufficiently remote levels.

Learn the trailing stop technique. This is a method of tracking a successful transaction, in which the trader moves the stop loss following the price going in his direction. So the trader protects the achieved profit, but does not limit the potential for its further growth.

Of course, there are different trading systems for exiting trades, but the main principle “cut losses and let profits grow” has passed the test of time and has been used by many well-known traders.

Conclusions

Correct profit taking is very important in trading. So don’t forget that:

Take profit (exit from a trade with a profit) should be clearly described in the trading system, and its effectiveness should be tested on history;

Indicators for volume analysis in the ATAS trading platform help to find levels for effective take profit setting;

It is desirable to set a take profit according to the general principle“ “Cut losses, and let profits grow.”

5 Qualities Essential For a Successful Stock Trader

All of us who venture into the stock market should possess certain basic qualities that will help us to be successful in trading. Without any exception, everyone who ventures into stock trading is interested in making some quick money. Here are some basic qualities that you must have to be a successful trader.

Patience

First, you should be patient with yourself and give yourself some time to learn the basics of stock investing. Many people when they begin their stock trading career, they try to plunge into it immediately in their enthusiasm to make money. However, by doing this you will be subjecting yourself to great financial risks.

Accept Losses

Secondly, when you enter into stock market, you are bound to make some wrong decisions in the beginning and this should not discourage you. Loss in the beginning is inevitable and you should be mentally prepared for it only then, you will be able to survive in this field. You must always keep long-term profit in mind. Even if you make a wrong decision in a particular instance, you will be able to make up for the loss at a later stage.

Research

Thirdly, you must never get to your trading desk without making thorough stock market research. You will have to be faithful to your market research daily. Lot of things could have happened when you closed the previous day and get back to your trading desk the next day morning. If you do not keep yourself informed of the latest developments in the market, your decisions for that day will not be sound stock investment decisions.

Speculation is the key to stock trading. However, speculation should be based on statistics and other facts. Any speculation that does not take into consideration factual details will only be random speculation and this will not help you in the long run. The prevailing market trends should guide your decisions.

Discipline

The next important quality for a successful stock trader is discipline. It is everyone’s weakness to give in to the temptation to wait longer to see a greater profit. But decisions that are postponed will push you to unnecessary loss. On the other hand, you must be content with your reasonable profit. To avoid loss, once you reach the cut-off that you set for yourself you must sell those stocks. This applies to day trading in particular.

Don’t Panic

Yet another crucial quality required is the ability to think clearly in the midst of stressful trading day. The market can be highly volatile and in the beginning when you see the stocks being so volatile you will tend to panic. Once you give into your fear, you will tend to make hasty decisions hoping to save the loss. If you give yourself some time, you will see the market stabilizing itself. You must not make investment decisions or selling decisions when you are tensed. Such decisions will often be faulty decisions because your reasoning faculty is no more supporting your decision-making efforts.

These are some of the essential qualities that will set you apart as a successful trader in this field.

Investing in cryptocurrencies is it worth it?

There is hardly a week that the topic of investing in cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin or others does not come up in a conversation. Sometimes because they go up meteorically and others because they go down. There are opinions for all tastes.

Personally, I believe that we cannot ignore crypto assets or Bitcoin as if they did not exist. It would be a kind of denial of reality. It is a new type of asset, but one that falls within alternative investments. And as such, it can have a place in a portfolio to de-correlate, but for other reasons as well.

Investing in cryptocurrencies for the long term. My point of view

In my opinion, I think anyone could consider investing in cryptocurrencies for the long term. Obviously, not as a core investment asset of a portfolio, but as a complement or satellite investment.

As we have seen these weeks and in other moments, cryptocurrencies are a very volatile asset. Do not suitable for all audiences. Or of course, not suitable for a significant amount of money within our heritage.

But you can invest in cryptocurrencies with little money. For a $100,000 portfolio let’s say 1-5%. Depending on the ability to take risks and personal circumstances, I think that is the range of capital that I would assign to an estate of that amount. Each particular case would have to be seen.

If it goes wrong. Nothing that the global investment strategy sinks you. And if it goes well. Certainly, an asset to add alpha to the portfolio in the long term.

How to invest in cryptocurrencies

You have to look for a reliable and safe intermediary. With many users. Where you can contrast opinions and references of other people who have invested through these platforms.

The key, as always, is to diversify. Cryptocurrencies are still an unregulated asset, which is still surrounded by a lot of uncertainty. And when I talk about diversifying, I don’t just mean investing in different digital currencies. I also think about investing in 2 or 3 different brokerage platforms. Which can be brokers or directly specialized cryptocurrency platforms. I give you some examples.

Coinbase is perhaps the best-known platform, for having made the leap to the markets and starting to trade on the Nasdaq. It is one of the largest platforms. The volume of digital currencies traded on this platform is skyrocketing. Some say that you can end up dying of success. And the experiences of some clients have not been very good lately, due to the great collapse of new account openings that they have suffered recently. For that reason, it is not strange to read some bad opinions.

EToro –  If you are in Spain then an eToro ad is almost ubiquitous on YouTube video. They come on at all hours. This is a very popular platform for buying and selling stocks at zero cost, but also for trading cryptocurrencies. Personally, it is not the one I like the most. I prefer other more specialized ones.

Bitpanda – those who know about these new alternative investments say that Bitpanda is one of the best platforms to invest in cryptocurrencies, due to its reliability and security. It is by the way also, one of the platforms in which you can invest in precious metals with physical support. Not just annotation.Bitpanda investing in cryptocurrencies

Most cryptocurrency exchanges are preparing for the future leap to payments and have begun to offer cards with which to use digital currencies on a day-to-day basis.

And well, I could list many more cryptocurrency platforms or brokers such as Binance, Kraken, Bit2me, etc. There are quite a few wallets and exchanges. Here the key you have to look at is the differential between supply and demand that each applies. And then I would look at security a lot. Although that also depends on you as a user. But every time, news of robberies of digital currency warehouses is read. So be careful with passwords and security protocols.

Disadvantages of investing in cryptocurrencies

One of the worst things about any of the 6,000 digital currencies that you can invest in today is that you cannot calculate a fair value for it. Because they do not generate future flows. They are not backed by anything. They cannot be used (yet) in our day-to-day operations. It is simply the supply and demand that sets prices. That, and the tweets of an influential person. See Elon Musk.

This aspect makes cryptocurrencies a kind of long-term lottery ticket. Hence, yet another reason to diversify into different crypto assets.

It is not yet known how they will be regulated. If a digital currency has a virtue, it is that it is out of the control of central banks and traditional financial circuits. But that also makes them attractive as a hiding place for money from illicit activities.

It will end up being regulated, I’m sure. Regulatory development always lags behind innovation. At the time that money laundering control rules are put in place, it is regulated how to tax the profits in the sale of cryptocurrencies and the rest of legal varnishes, it will be one more asset, in which, probably, investment funds and others collective investment systems, can enter in a generalized way. And it will no longer be such an alternative market. Something that can happen in the next 3-5 years.

It is also unclear whether central banks will end up imposing their digital currencies ahead of Bitcoin, Ethereum and many others that have emerged from private initiatives. Some more serious than others. There is the risk, but also the opportunity. That is why I believe that investing in cryptocurrencies now that they have collapsed is a good time to sow for the future. The key: investing little money and diversification in every way.

Factors Influencing Adoption of Cryptocurrency in 2021

The issue of cryptocurrencies has many discrepancies since, just as many important figures promote these digital currencies, many others entirely oppose their development.

For this reason, many people wonder if cryptocurrencies are good long-term stores of value or if it is not worth investing in cryptocurrency. We will explain some factors that slow down the adoption of cryptocurrencies and the reasons that will allow their expansion.

Some think that cryptocurrencies are very speculative assets

It is not a secret that many do not like the idea of ​​cryptocurrencies since they feel that “they can threaten the monetary sovereignty of any country,” as mentioned by the senior advisor to the former director of the International Monetary Fund, Christine Lagarde.

Some crypto-skeptics believe that it is a highly speculative asset. Others think that it has been created solely for criminal purposes. Andrew Bailey, Governor of the Bank of England, warns that when buying cryptocurrencies, all the money invested will be lost.

Many say that cryptocurrency is still the future.

But, just as the price of Bitcoin fell considerably, after a few days, it began to rise and was recovering some value, reaching around 36 thousand dollars. This is how many promoters of cryptocurrencies assure that, although this famous digital currency has collapsed, it will recover its value over time for various reasons and will become an excellent long-term investment opportunity.

Jack Dorsey, CEO of Twitter and Square, thinks that Bitcoin cannot be stopped by anything or anyone, like Changpeng Zhao, CEO of Binance, who feels that cryptocurrencies exist to offer greater “money freedom.”

Some known as investment giants believe that Bitcoin is an asset to invest in, just as Goldman Sachs said.

Institutional support has grown.

One of the reasons that cryptocurrencies continue to be the future is the increase in investments by institutions. In addition, there will be more and more tools that will facilitate the management of the cryptocurrency system, and there will be more offers that will benefit users.

All of these seem to be reasons enough to attract more users in the long term. In fact, in Latin America, there has been increased adoption of cryptocurrencies, especially in the first four months of the year; And although it is barely recovering from the last drop, experts say it will soon reach mass adoption.

The easyMarkets broker was recently surprised with the launch of a new μBTC account, with which its users can deposit and trade CFDs with cryptocurrencies on all the assets that the broker has to offer.

The μBTC account automatically creates a Bitcoin wallet address, allowing easyMarkets users to deposit, trade quickly, and withdraw Bitcoin funds when they see a convenient transaction.

Factors that slow down the adoption of cryptocurrencies

Apart from crypto-skeptical people, a part of the population is still very uninformed and does not dare to invest in cryptocurrencies because they do not know how it works and their benefits.

Other reasons that slow down the adoption of cryptocurrencies are the numerous regulations and restrictions by many governments on financial institutes and companies that wish to operate with cryptocurrencies.

In addition, the significant volatility of Bitcoin generates a lot of distrust since, just as you can earn twice the amount invested in a short time, you can also lose half of the fund. As happened in previous weeks, after reaching a historical record with a value of over $ 60,000 in April, its price fell to $ 30,000 in May.

Why So Many Investors Fail

Conservative estimates place it around 70%… while others believe it is closer to 95%… the number of investors who “fail.”  I suppose it shouldn’t shock us… after all, whenever you talk with a Mutual Fund representative, if they’re doing well, they will point you to the fact that they are in the 1st or 2nd Quartile – meaning, the fund they manage has returned more than 75% or 50% of the other fund managers’ portfolios.  Obviously, there must be several then who are in the 3rd or 4th Quartiles (the bottom).Why so many investors fail 1Why so many investors fail 2

There are several reasons why investors fail and today I thought I’d share a few more.

It’s perplexing… the number of investors who continually lose money trading, but for some inexplicable reasons, continue to trade.  I suppose a variety of reasons exist, including poor money management (high commissions on small positions eat away at any profits), the delusion they have the skills and knowledge to trade (after all, isn’t everyone else getting it?), or addiction to trading (like gambling, just “sanctified.”).

Some, in sheer frustration, choose to pay hundreds and even thousands of dollars for trading software that promises every success… so they get split screens, subscribe to live news feeds, etc. and still struggle to make money trading. Then they flood their email inboxes with a plethora of free newsletters… worth every penny!

I’m not slamming these individuals… after all, most of us have had experiences like these somewhere along the line. But I am concerned for you if this is your current experience… and I’d like to help.

I think one of the most fundamental reasons why investors fail and why people are losing money in the stock market is because they are trading rather than investing.  Perhaps this is so subtle you think I’m trying to create something out of nothing… but hear me out for just a moment.  When you think of the term “trading”, what comes to mind?  A transaction, a swap, buying and selling, dealing, etc.

Now, when you consider the term “investing” what comes to mind?  Yes, some of the same elements of purchasing and transaction but with an added component of you having to “put something into” the transaction.  Investing seems to require more than to merely trade.  And you’d be right…

If making money in the markets was as easy as trading this stock for that one, and then exchanging it again for another one, we’d all be successful… but very few do this well.  Instead, the average Weekend Investor needs to do less “trading” and more “investing.”  You’re going to have to put something extra into the transaction… considering the fundamentals of a stock, watching the technical indicators, and keeping track of your “investments” because these investments of time, work, thought, consideration, management, etc. will all determine how successful you’ll be as a financial investor.

I realize most of you don’t have the time to do this on your own… hence, you should stop trading and simply buy the index when you have the money you can spare.

5 Ways to Manage Market Risk

Doctor Stock has experienced some excellent trading success so far. Much of that success is due to his disciplined use of market risk management techniques. In his quest to help you make money on the markets every morning, he has often emphasized the need to balance risk vs. reward.

There are many ways that traders and investors can manage market risk in their portfolios. Here’s a sampling of 5 of the most common ones:

Momentum

The trend is your friend until it ends. This is a crucial component of Doctor Stock’s strategy, and he tracks it for you at the top right corner of this site. It’s tough to make money by anticipating a change in trend. It’s better to wait for the turn and buy once it’s confirmed. “The market can stay irrational longer than you can stay solvent.” That trading axiom, coined by economist John Maynard Keynes, has become a cliché for a good reason. Many a trader has gone bankrupt fighting the tape.

Stop-Loss Orders

I know that Doctor Stock makes fair use of these as well. Before you enter a position, it’s essential to know when you will exit. You can set one or more profit targets, but it’s even more important to limit your losses. A stop-loss order or trailing stop can help you do just that. There are tons of ways to choose a stop loss level, from percentages, trend lines, and moving averages to the true average range or simple dollar amounts. You need to find the method that works for you and your trading psychology. It’s less important how you use them. It’s more important that you use them. Set a stop loss level before you trade and stick to it.

Position Sizing

One way to limit the amount of market risk you take is to limit the amount of money you invest. If you are placing a highly speculative trade, or one in which you have less confidence, you may want to limit your risk by taking a smaller than normal position. Similarly, if you are uncertain about market momentum, it may be wise to trade smaller until a more well-defined trend emerges. Always set rules for yourself on the maximum amount of money you are willing to risk on each trade as a percentage of your total investable capital.

Diversification

You’ve heard about this one before. It’s essential to diversify your capital by investing it in asset classes that aren’t correlated with one another. Unfortunately, there are times (like the recent market crash) where most asset classes move in unison. That’s why it’s important to keep at least some liquid cash on hand. There are many different ways to diversify your holdings: geographically, by asset class, sector, market capitalization, and many others. The key is to put your eggs in a few different baskets so that if one company, region, or asset class gets destroyed, your losses will be limited.

Rebalancing:

This strategy pertains more to market risk management for investors as opposed to traders. Many traders only actively trade a portion of their capital. They invest the rest of it (often their retirement funds) more conservatively, with a longer time horizon in mind. One risk management strategy for investors is to set an asset allocation (50% stocks, 30% bonds, and 20% cash, for example) and rebalance it periodically. If the equity portion of your portfolio has performed very well and it now constitutes 60% of your holdings, you would sell some of those holdings to bring your allocation back to 50%.
If your bond holdings have performed poorly and now makeup only 25% of your portfolio, you might consider buying more to rebalance your bond allocation. This is one way to buy low and sell high automatically.

Disciplined market risk management, in whichever form(s) you choose to implement, is the key to successful investing and trading. What kinds of strategies do you use to manage risk?

Book Review: The Investor’s Manifesto

William Bernstein says that he wrote The Investor’s Manifesto: Preparing for Prosperity, Armageddon and Everything in Between even though he swore he would never write another book after The Four Pillars of Investing (read my review) because, in his view, the dramatic market developments of 2008-09 provided a perfect “teachable” moment to clearly define a set of timeless investment principles.

In this book, Mr. Bernstein starts off with an overview of financial theory illustrated with relevant bits of financial history, then takes readers on a tour of the behavioral traps they might stumble into and concludes with the mechanics of building a portfolio. If this synopsis sounds familiar, it is because Four Pillars dealt with similar themes: the theory, history, psychology, and business of investing.Book review: the investor's manifesto 3Book review: the investor's manifesto 4

As you might expect of a brilliant writer like Mr. Bernstein, his writing is so quotable. Here are some examples:

Investors cannot earn high returns without occasionally bearing great loss. If the investor desires safety, then he or she is doomed to receive low returns”.

… the rewards of equity ownership are paid for in the universal currencies of financial risk: stomach acid and sleepless nights.

Much has been made lately of “black swans”: rare and supposedly unexpected events that roil society and the financial markets. In the world of finance, the only black swans are the history that investors have not read.

You are not as good looking, as charming, or as good a driver as you think you are. The same goes for your investing abilities. In an environment filled with incredibly smart, hard-working, and well-informed participants, the smartest trading strategy is not to trade at all.

Mr. Bernstein is a wise investor and talented writer and while The Investor’s Manifesto is a very good book, I feel that it doesn’t quite achieve the brilliance that The Four Pillars did. If you’ve read the previous book, you can re-read it and safely skip this one. If you haven’t read Four Pillars, perhaps that’s the Bernstein book you should be reading. The Investor’s Manifesto is published by John Wiley.

Book Review: The Four Pillars of Investing

William Bernstein, a practicing physician, has written an excellent guide to invest (affiliate link) that contains important (as the sub-title says) “lessons for building a winning portfolio”. The Four Pillars of Investing that the title refers to are theory, history, psychology, and business of investing.Book review: the four pillars of investing 5Book review: the four pillars of investing 6

Often, books on investing are dry, and reading them is a bit like working through a dense textbook, but fortunately, this scholarly book is not one of them. Even the driest theoretical concepts are illustrated with historical examples.

In the section on history, Dr. Bernstein tells the tales of bubbles and busts past and present and points out that lack of historical knowledge hurts investors the most. I realized that this is an area I need to learn more about and helpfully, the author provides a list of useful books in Chapter 11 (no pun intended). The book concludes with practical ideas for assembling your portfolio.

I can’t hope to do a better job of summing up the contents of this book than the author himself:

The overarching message of this book is at once powerful and simple: With relatively little effort, you can design and assemble an investment portfolio that, because of its wide diversification and minimal expense, will prove superior to most professionally managed accounts. Great intelligence and good luck are not required. The essential characteristics of the successful investor are the discipline and stamina to, in the words of John Bogle, “stay the course”.

I think “The Four Pillars of Investing” is worth reading and would also make a nice addition to your bookshelf (I am adding it to my list of recommended books).

How to Spot a Multibagger

A Multibagger in stock market parlance is a stock that can return multifold returns when invested in it. The holy grail of investing is to identify such multibaggers and hold them in your investment portfolio.

To spot a multibagger needs a thorough study of multiple fundamental parameters, a few of which are listed in this article. Please note. However, we cannot be rigid on any of these parameters. We need to be flexible to interpret things from a bigger picture point of view.How to spot a multibagger 7How to spot a multibagger 8

So what are these parameters of a multibagger stock that we should look for?

No doubt about business survival.

Identifying a  multibagger begins with identifying a business that can weather the test of time. Whether there be a health crisis, economic crisis, or political crisis, these businesses should not have any difficulty in surviving. When I was young, my father told me that to survive, humanity will always need food and consistently invest in promising companies that cater to the hunger of the masses.

There are many other businesses, apart from those in the food industry that can survive and thrive in adverse circumstances. The health sector is one; the information and technology sector is another. There may be sectors that will come up in the future; you may be aware of them due to your line of work. Look into those businesses.

Visible & sustainable growth potential

Most businesses are not built because the management wanted them to remain stationary. Entrepreneurs and management want a steady and sustainably growing business. Look for companies that are growing at a fair clip with good management. 

A management team that continuously innovates and optimizes its core business should provide profitable growth for investments in the company. A management team that is not focused is a poor innovator, and does not optimize resources, may give spectacular returns in the short term, but may not be able to sustain in the long run. Such businesses usually do not provide multibagger returns.

Management has a vision of growth.

Identifying potential in future markets is a must for any good management. The company should not bask in the past and should be forward-looking to identify the ideal growth opportunities. The management should be ethical and provide adequate consideration for every stakeholder.

Reasonable Promoter stake

There should be fair skin in the game from the promoter.  Many successful investors avoid companies that have a very low promoter stake. Ideally, the promoter should have at least a 50% holding in the company, and the higher this number, the better it is, and the likelier it is to end up as a multibagger. If in case there is a low promoter stake, then promoters should increase stake at every possible opportunity. Also, pledging should either be zero or minimal.

How to spot a multibagger 9Debt zero or going towards zero

Debt is becoming a dirtier word at the individual as well as at the corporate level. A Debt to equity ratio of less than 0.5 should be an ideal investment; however, do remember that smaller companies that are growing fast may not always be debt light—most of the time, the lower the debt, the better the valuations.How to spot a multibagger 10

Increasing cash flow

At the most fundamental level, a company’s ability to create value for shareholders is determined by its ability to generate positive cash flows, or more specifically, maximize long-term free cash flow (FCF). If the cash flow of a company is increasing, it means that the company is growing well and can use the amount to grow itself further.

Rare equity dilution

The lesser the equity dilution, the better will be the valuations. Stock dilution, also known as equity dilution, is the decrease in existing shareholders’ ownership percentage of a company due to the company issuing new equity. New equity increases the total shares outstanding, which have a dilutive effect on the ownership percentage of existing shareholders. Management should avoid equity dilution at all times. To improve the liquidity, equity dilution is suitable sometimes; however, it should be only when the proportionate growth is visible.

Reasonable dividend

If the company is showing earnings of 100 & giving dividend equivalent of just ten or less, it raises more doubts on such companies before building conviction. There should be an acceptable dividend policy; however, if the profits are being used to improve the business quality further or for capacity expansion, fewer dividends may be sufficient.

Low PE

Lower the price-earnings multiple, better multiple returns potential in the future. With the growth in earnings & with every new milestone achievement, PE gets re-rated, and then there is usually a multiplier effect on the stock price.

Association with a brand

If the company has its growing reputation or is associated with some client who itself is a brand, that’s a big positive.

In conclusion, do remember that these are just a few aspects to spot a multibagger. Many stocks may not fit into any or all of these parameters. An example is Bajaj Finance, which has proven to be a massive compounder despite not checking many of the boxes like Debt, Environment risk, or having Low PE. It is essential to be flexible when looking at the fundamentals of the stock before investing in it. If you are a retail investor, keep some basic things in mind as follows:

1. Why you are investing – invest with a goal and plan.
2. Time frame – you may be better off in debt instruments or bonds for a short time frame.
3. Knowledge of the company/industries – stick to your circle of competence.
4. Risk and Reward ratio – Never invest without learning the risk associated with the particular investment.
5. Stock price is affected by market condition/Govt policy, so keep updated – especially true of highly regulated sectors.
6. Keep part profit booking/average – you can do this downwards or upwards.

Asset Location Is As Important As Asset Allocation

The science of asset allocation gets a lot of attention in the personal finance realm, but it only tells part of the story. In an ideal world, there would be no taxes or transaction costs, so that asset allocation would be the only game in town. You’d simply divide your portfolio between the various asset classes and forget about it.

Rebalancing would be a non-issue because there would be no tax consequences, and you wouldn’t have to worry about which account is most suitable for your small-cap value fund. If you have all of your retirement savings in your 401K or an IRA substantially, you can get away with doing that. Unfortunately for the rest of us, Uncle Sam wants his cut.

Nobody Loves The IRS

Excepting congress, which needs enormous sums of tax dollars for important projects like building bridges to nowhere and llama farms for orphan llamas, nobody likes the IRS. I am no exception, and if you too share my raw hatred of the IRS, you would be wise to think long and hard about asset location.

Asset location is the art of placing different asset classes in various types of accounts, depending on a combination of the tax-efficiency of that asset class and the tax characteristics of the kind of account in question.

Here’s an example to make what I just said make sense.

Suppose you have a target asset allocation for your retirement portfolio of 50% stocks and 50% bonds. Furthermore, about half of that portfolio is in your 401K at work, and half is in either a regular taxable account or a Roth IRA. The best course of action would be to put the bonds in your 401K and stocks in your taxable account or Roth. The reason for this is that bond interest is taxed as regular income and stock dividends, and long-term capital gains are taxed at lower capital-gains rates. Since everything in your 401K will eventually be taxed at standard income tax rates when you liquidate, putting stocks in it would amount to intentionally paying more taxes than necessary.

In contrast, bond interest is taxed as income, so you lose nothing by putting them in your 401K. Proper asset location can make a huge difference in your long-term returns, so it’s well worth paying attention to.

Here is a list of asset classes and the optimal type of account they should be placed in, if possible.

Least tax-efficient

place in a tax-deferred account (401k, traditional IRA, etc.)

High-yield bonds
TIPS
Taxable Bonds

Medium tax-efficiency

place in a tax-free account (Roth IRA, Roth 401k)

REITs
Balanced Funds
Small-cap stock funds
Actively-managed stock funds
Value stock funds
International Stock funds

Most tax-efficient

fine to place in a taxable account

Broadly diversified stock index funds
Tax-managed stock funds
I/EE savings bonds
Tax-exempt municipal bonds