Women, Money and Marriage: What You Need to Know

In today’s world, “Leave It to Beaver” stereotypes for men and women in partnerships should only exist in Nick at Nite reruns. Yet many women still don’t understand their household’s finances and aren’t actively involved in managing money matters.

To achieve true equality in a partnership, both individuals must have knowledge of and involvement in their partnership’s assets and debts. If you’re one of those women who isn’t participating in the financial side of your marriage, here are some tips to get you on the right track:

Talk Money

If your partner has always handled most financial matters, it may seem difficult to bring up that you want to be more involved. The first step is to initiate a conversation with your spouse about your desire to learn more about your household’s assets and debts and to be more actively involved in making decisions.

Choose a time and place without high levels of stress or too many distractions to have this discussion. Bring it up in a positive way, rather than in a tone that might sound complaining or accusing.

Keep Current

It’s never fun to think about something bad happening to the people you love. Yet you must be responsible and realize that if your partner should no longer be able to carry out the role of primary financial decision-maker, the tasks would fall to you.

Make sure you’re familiar with and have access to all financial records and documentation. Know how to quickly access everything from account numbers to mortgage documents to investment information.

Get Involved

Look for ways to become more integrated in your marriage’s finances. Whether it be creating and maintaining the filing system for your financial paperwork or paying the bills, sharing responsibility can be rewarding and make your partnership more balanced and fulfilling.

Stay Independent

There can’t be a strong “we” without a strong “me.” While marriage is a partnership, you should still maintain your own financial standing. We recommend that each partner have a checking account and credit cards in his or her own name so that both can build good credit.

Get Help

There are many programs available today that are focused on helping women handle financial matters. Many companies today provide financial services to help women achieve financial empowerment, security and independence.

Equality in marriage exists on many different levels and requires working together as a team – a team where both members are informed and involved.

The 5 Worst Forms of Debt

I suppose you could live your entire life without going into debt, though modern middle-class society in the United States seems to be designed to require at least some debt. Even if young adults can complete their education without taking on student loan debt, just about all new homeowners need a mortgage in order to afford a house. In some cases, debt is just a cost of middle-class living.

Some debt products should just be avoided, however.

1. Payday loans.

To qualify for a payday loan, you would need to prove a history of income. This will provide you a short-term loan, with the balance and fee due within weeks. Those fees could be $15 to $30 for every $100 borrowed, which on a two-week loan could be considered a 390% interest rate. If you aren’t able to pay off the loan when it is due, you can renew it for an additional fee.

Most people who take out payday loans fall into a cycle of debt, renewing their loans or going back to the lender often. It’s rare that someone in a short-term financial fix borrows money at a high rate for a few weeks and pays the loan off in full.

2. Refund anticipation loans.

These were marketed heavily a few years ago, and now that we’re heading into tax season it’s likely we’ll see more ads. Refund anticipation loans are often offered by the same company you might use to help file your taxes. If your income tax return forms show that the government owes you money, for a fee, these companies will be willing to offer you your anticipated cash now.

You can adjust your tax withholding at your job to make sure you’re not due a large refund when you file your taxes. There are few good reasons to keep paying the government more than you need to every week or two when you receive your paycheck. The “forced savings” rationalization is not a good reason.

The 5 worst forms of debt 13. Gambling.

For the sake of your kneecaps, you don’t want to find yourself in debt to a bookie. Movie drama aside, gambling is always a losing endeavor in the long run. It can be an addiction, so seek help if gambling is controlling your life. One problem is sunk costs. Once you start losing, you want to make up for your losses, taking larger risks.

If you’re a stock trader relying on the margin for making purchases, you might as well be gambling.

4. Rent to own.

If you have young children in school beginning to learn to play a musical instrument, you are likely encouraged to rent the instrument from the store. The rental programs are generally designed to either buy the instrument after some time or return the instrument to the store when the student loses interest. This is the best rent-to-own scenario.

Once you start renting electronics and furniture, you will generally get a bad deal. It’s likely you’ll pay much more than the cost of the product by renting, and you will likely be charged a high rate of interest.

5. Debt used to finance a depreciating asset.

One rule of thumb dictates that debt should only be used to pay for an asset that increases in price. For that to make sense, the price of the asset should increase at a rate higher than the rate of interest on the debt. The only problem is that you can’t consistently predict whether the price of an asset will increase.

Cars, unless they are collectible items, would not qualify under this rule. I would argue that if you need a car to earn money, the benefits of its use might outweigh the cost of the loan. And even a reliable used car could cost more than someone on the first day of his first job might be able to afford.

A few years ago, I knew many people who thought that real estate prices could never go down, conveniently excusing the fact they had no equity in their house. Banks were eager to let them buy their houses with hardly any down payment. If they were forced to sell after their house values dropped 20%, they would be in financial distress. And worse, if they were no longer able to afford their mortgage, they might have to foreclose.

What other forms of debt should people avoid?

GATE 2021 Results: How marks will be Normalized?

As the GATE exams are approaching, students are more curious about the calculation and the normalization process. The normalization process analyses candidates appearing for the GATE on the 5th February to 14th February 2021. This article will educate the process of counting the marks of GATE exams.

The GATE examination conducted for MTech and PSU recruitment. Generally, the GATE papers are calculated at once, but some have to count in shifts/sessions. GATE uses the normalization process to calculate the final marks, obtained by the students following the exam held in multiple sessions.

Why is the Normalization of Marks Necessary? 

Every year the difficulty level differs from the previous one. The exams conducted under IIT Delhi, have variant slots and time accordingly. Here, the normalization process works as a mediator and is justified with marks.

The difference in GATE scores and normalization scores

There are two different formulas and methods to calculate the GATE scores and normalization scores. The following points elaborate on both the process of calculation.

  • The GATE scores have records on the scorecard of GATE. The normalizing process utilized in case of multiple sessions and the results showed up in GATE scores.
  • GATE scores used to calculate the final marks. To calculate the final score of the students, the board does not use the normalizing score.
  • Not all the students who sat for the GATE exams use the normalization score. Passed students have the privilege of the same.

Formula to Calculate the Score

The standard deviation and formula to calculate the scores of multiple sessions in GATE examination. The actual formula is as follows:

Mij=Mg – Mg\ Mti – Miq ( Mif-Miq)+Mg

t q\ q

Where,

  • Mij is the marks obtained in the session
  • Mgt is the average marks obtained in the session
  • Mgq the solution of standard deviation and mean of all sessions
  • Mti refers to one session’s average marks
  • Miq the solution of mean and standard deviation for one session

Scorecard of GATE 2021

After appearing for the GATE examination, students will receive obtained marks. The GATE 2021 result will be declared on the 22 March 2021; hence, the students who will qualify in the exams will get their results. The GATE examination results are foremost, as most of the organization admissions rely upon GATE scores. For further details, visit the GATE website. There are more details about the GATE exams—the marks obtained by the students, integrity of the score, and the exam. A student’s GATE examination scores are significant only before three years. After completing three years of the exam, the student cannot take admissions based on GATE results. The candidate must re-apply to get an acknowledgement.

The ranking is all India based. Total marks are out of 100. After scoring the minimum passing marks in UG program, the candidates can sit for the GATE examination.

Eligibility Criteria for GATE Examinations 2021

This year the eligibility criteria are based on IIT Bombay. The IIT Bombay and IIT Bangalore decide the eligibility every year in an alternative way. The criteria are the qualifying marks, exam and qualifying year.

The GATE exams are crucial for the candidates applying for ME, MTech and PhD throughout the country’s engineering colleges. The PSU (Public Sector Undertaking) relevant while recruitment. Therefore, before appearing for GATE examinations, meet the minimum marks to apply for the exams.

  • IIT Bombay included Humanities and Social Science along with the Environmental Science and Engineering(ES). The new number of GATE syllabus is 27.
  • Now, candidates with minimum 10+2+3 eligibility can also apGateply for GATE examinations.
  • Candidates can opt for their combination of papers according to their preferences.

For more details about GATE 2021, visit at  https://www.shiksha.com/engineering/gate-exam

Sales Tax Nexus – Do Not Ignore

Are you suffering from Nexus Perplexus?

Definition: A state of confusion regarding the degree of business activity allowed before a state may exert its jurisdiction to impose a tax.

Cause: The many (and often conflicting) definitions of Nexus for state tax purposes from legislative, judicial, administrative, and secondary sources.

Symptoms:

  • A nagging feeling that there are potential tax liabilities in other states.
  • A suspicion that state taxes may be lowered as a result of apportionment of business income to other states.
  • A cold sweat resulting from the receipt of a nexus questionnaire from a state where one is not currently filing.

Are your products and services taxable in your home state? How about other states where you sell? Did you know that if you charge a fee for electronically filing an income tax return in Texas that the fee is subject to sales tax?

Regardless of the sophistication of the sales tax reporting system, the system still needs to be told what is taxable and what is not.

As businesses expand into multiple states (“multi-state”), the issue arises of whether the “foreign” states can force your company to register and collect use tax. Your company’s presence in a different part of a country or state is referred to as a “nexus”.  This may be through your salespersons traveling to those states, or your hiring of jobbers, repairpersons, or independent contractors who perform installation or maintenance in a state where the company is not registered may create nexus in that state.

The level of activity performed has a direct bearing on whether another state has the ability to impose a tax.  The critical issue is to determine if the nexus exists.  A nexus review will carefully determine the facts of a taxpayer in light of not just state rules and regulations, but all applicable federal legislation, as well as relevant judicial and administrative law.  The end result is a clear picture of potential state tax exposure.

Sales Tax Nexus issues can create serious tax liabilities because companies miss the opportunity to collect tax from customers and eliminate their own burden. In addition, there is usually no statute of limitation because the company never filed a return in the state where it created nexus.

Have you received a nexus questionnaire lately? If not responded to correctly, a state may conclude that nexus exists and assess tax, penalty, and interest for all periods from the first-day nexus exists. There have been many cases where taxpayers have filed returns and paid tax to a state where nexus did not exists, based simply on a nexus questionnaire that was not properly responded to.

The sales tax nexus requirements are very different from income taxes. In simple words, activities that will not cause nexus (a filing requirement) for income taxes will cause nexus for sales tax filing purposes. Companies typically delegate the sales tax filing function to clerk level positions. Consequently, high turnover in these positions can create inconsistency in the sales/use tax reporting function.

It is often difficult to find the time and the resources to prepare a comprehensive state tax plan. Outsourcing the planning function to a state tax expert can be a cost-effective way to ensure that all state tax options are being considered. A state tax plan starts with a review of the taxpayer’s facts and circumstances, as well as future plans and expectations. The end result is a recommendation of the best planning technique(s) for lowering state tax liabilities and/or exposure.

 

Credit Score Factors – The essentials

Do you know your credit score but are wondering what it means? We’re here to help you understand it. The data pulled from all of your financial histories is placed into five primary categories that make up your FICO score. These five factors are as follows: payment history, amounts owed, length of credit history, new credit, and types of credit used. Represented by the pie chart below, each factor is weighed differently – some are weighed more and some are weighed less. To find out which areas of your personal finances should be given more attention, review the easy-to-use chart below, and then read out tips for raising your score through these five factors.What affects your credit score

What Makes Up a Credit Score?

Payment History

As the most weighed factor of your credit score, your payment history is a very important factor in determining your chances of qualifying for loans and mortgages. We all know that there is no way of going back and changing your past, but there are indeed ways of erasing your past mistakes. With 35% of your credit score is calculated from your payment history, it is important to make sure that you avoid missed payments and late payments. Contact our credit team to find out how you can get your bad items removed from your payment history.

Amount Owed

The next largest factor that determines your credit score is the amount that you owe to your creditors. This is calculated by the amount that you owe on all of your accounts, and how much credit is available to you on your revolving accounts. To easily determine where you stand in regard to the amount owed, you can calculate your credit-to-debt ratio. In this, you simply must divide the amount of debt on your credit card by the limit amount on your card, and then multiply by 100. For example, if you have $2,000 in debt on the card and the limit is $10,000, then your credit-to-debt ratio is 20%. Anything below 50% is an acceptable ratio.

Length of Credit History

The third factor of your credit score is particularly pertinent to young people. This number is calculated by how long your cards have been open. Basically, the longer your accounts are open, the better. In calculating your length of credit history, FICO takes the following factors into account: how long your collective credit accounts have been established, how long each credit account has been established, and how long it has been since you used each card. The best advice regarding your length of credit history is to keep all of your cards open for as long as possible.

New Credit

Making up 10% of the weight of your credit score, having new credit is an easy way to boost your score. If you have a steady source of income, then consider opening one or two new cards for charging small items. The credit reporting agencies will, however, penalize you for overdoing it and opening too many cards in a short period of time. In order to effectively build your credit by opening new credit cards, it is important to do so in moderation.

Types of Credit Used

Finally, the last factor of your credit score is the types of credit that you use. The types of credit considered in your FICO score are as follows: credit cards, retail accounts, installment loans, finance company accounts, and mortgage loans. It is important to have a good mix of all of these different types of credit in order to boost your credit score. Diversity in your credit cards and accounts is essential to building a good credit score.

Life Certificate for Senior Citizens via Jeevan Pramaan app.

Recently, the Government has announced a life certificate facility via post office at your doorstep, and it can be availed at Rs 70.

However, if you want to avail of the facility via an app, then the process is still more straightforward, and even a person who is not tech-savvy can do it.
  1. You need to buy a biometric device listed on their website as the app works with only a few compatible devices like Mantra. It will cost you around 1500 to 1800 Rs. (Note: Many senior citizens are facing a problem with a fingerprint scanner. In that case, it would be advisable to buy an iris scanner which costs around Rs.5000.)
  2. Download the client service for your biometric device from the app store.
  3.  Connect your device to the phone or laptop via USB.
  4. Test the scanner to check if it works properly or not.
  5. Now once you are done with step 4, visit jeevanpramaan.gov.in and download their app. This app is available on their site only. I couldn’t find it in the playstore.
  6. Open the app with your biometric device connected to the phone or laptop. If you don’t connect your device, then the app will show errors and will not work.
  7. Now register as an operator by providing Aadhaar, mobile, and email. Enter the OTP and submit.
  8. Authenticate yourself on the biometric device.
  9. You will have to provide the Aadhaar, mobile, and email of the pensioner and enter OTP authentication.
  10. If you had already submitted a digital certificate earlier then you will see a prepopulated form. If not, then enter pensioner’s details like pension type, department, disbursing authority, bank name, etc. and then submit it.
  11. Now the pensioner will have to authenticate via the biometric device.
  12. Once the biometric is successful, you will see his or her photo with Jeevan Pramaan id. This is the digital copy of the life certificate. You can download it anytime from their website as well.
  13. The bank or disbursing authority will verify your certificate and send you an acknowledgment in 3 to 5 days.
You will receive an SMS after successful verification is done. You have to be patient as sometimes the fingerprint isn’t captured due to old age or other reasons.

Kick-start your Black Friday on RapidRupee

The main sales event in the world Black Friday, as well as Cyber ​​Monday, will take place soon.

Service https://www.rapidrupee.in/ is always ready to help you prepare for profitable deals and finance your expenses by getting an instant loan online on favorable terms.

Great deals on Black Friday

We all know that every year all online and offline stores offer a large number of products at a bargain price and with huge discounts.  This period is called Black Friday. However, by this day we don’t always have enough finances to make profitable purchases. No need to worry, because RapidRupee service is always ready to provide you a loan in a short time so that you can buy everything you need during the sale period. In any case, it will be beneficial for you to save on sales, even if later you need to pay an interest rate on the loan.

A Few Tips for Shopping during Black Friday 2020

These tips will help you to avoid mistakes when shopping for the World’s Major Sale.

  1. Standard price. Many sellers keep the usual price of the product, passing it off as a discount. It is necessary to analyze the prices in the market so as not to buy goods at the regular price and to waste the money that you have borrowed.
  2. Buy online. Most stores sell online, which is beneficial as there is no need to stand in lines to get injured. Also, many online sellers sell at better prices, because they save on renting premises.
  3. Do a mini-research. Many sellers start their ad campaigns ahead of time, which allows you to do your research and explore the offerings of different sellers and choose the best one.
  4. Set priorities. Before making purchases, think about what exactly you need to buy and buy them on purpose.
  5. Get ready. Have your money ready in advance if you know you want to buy certain items. To do this, it is enough to arrange a loan on website https://www.rapidrupee.in/

How to get a loan of up to 60,000 rupees for purchases?

If you urgently need money for personal expenses, then you have come directly to the address. Our RapidRupee service is always ready to provide you with money within 30 minutes without examining your credit history. How to get a loan? Just register by filling out the form and wait for the approval.

The best part about it is that you will need to pay off the loan when you receive your next paycheck. This is an easy way to save money, instead of waiting for your next paycheck and buying an item at full price.

Why So Many Investors Fail

Conservative estimates place it around 70%… while others believe it is closer to 95%… the number of investors who “fail.”  I suppose it shouldn’t shock us… after all, whenever you talk with a Mutual Fund representative, if they’re doing well, they will point you to the fact that they are in the 1st or 2nd Quartile – meaning, the fund they manage has returned more than 75% or 50% of the other fund managers’ portfolios.  Obviously, there must be several then who are in the 3rd or 4th Quartiles (the bottom).Why so many investors fail 2Why so many investors fail 3

There are several reasons why investors fail and today I thought I’d share a few more.

It’s perplexing… the number of investors who continually lose money trading, but for some inexplicable reasons, continue to trade.  I suppose a variety of reasons exist, including poor money management (high commissions on small positions eat away at any profits), the delusion they have the skills and knowledge to trade (after all, isn’t everyone else getting it?), or addiction to trading (like gambling, just “sanctified.”).

Some, in sheer frustration, choose to pay hundreds and even thousands of dollars for trading software that promises every success… so they get split screens, subscribe to live news feeds, etc. and still struggle to make money trading. Then they flood their email inboxes with a plethora of free newsletters… worth every penny!

I’m not slamming these individuals… after all, most of us have had experiences like these somewhere along the line. But I am concerned for you if this is your current experience… and I’d like to help.

I think one of the most fundamental reasons why investors fail and why people are losing money in the stock market is because they are trading rather than investing.  Perhaps this is so subtle you think I’m trying to create something out of nothing… but hear me out for just a moment.  When you think of the term “trading”, what comes to mind?  A transaction, a swap, buying and selling, dealing, etc.

Now, when you consider the term “investing” what comes to mind?  Yes, some of the same elements of purchasing and transaction but with an added component of you having to “put something into” the transaction.  Investing seems to require more than to merely trade.  And you’d be right…

If making money in the markets was as easy as trading this stock for that one, and then exchanging it again for another one, we’d all be successful… but very few do this well.  Instead, the average Weekend Investor needs to do less “trading” and more “investing.”  You’re going to have to put something extra into the transaction… considering the fundamentals of a stock, watching the technical indicators, and keeping track of your “investments” because these investments of time, work, thought, consideration, management, etc. will all determine how successful you’ll be as a financial investor.

I realize most of you don’t have the time to do this on your own… hence, you should stop trading and simply buy the index when you have the money you can spare.

5 Ways to Manage Market Risk

Doctor Stock has experienced some excellent trading success so far. Much of that success is due to his disciplined use of market risk management techniques. In his quest to help you make money on the markets every morning, he has often emphasized the need to balance risk vs. reward.

There are many ways that traders and investors can manage market risk in their portfolios. Here’s a sampling of 5 of the most common ones:

Momentum

The trend is your friend until it ends. This is a crucial component of Doctor Stock’s strategy, and he tracks it for you at the top right corner of this site. It’s tough to make money by anticipating a change in trend. It’s better to wait for the turn and buy once it’s confirmed. “The market can stay irrational longer than you can stay solvent.” That trading axiom, coined by economist John Maynard Keynes, has become a cliché for a good reason. Many a trader has gone bankrupt fighting the tape.

Stop-Loss Orders

I know that Doctor Stock makes fair use of these as well. Before you enter a position, it’s essential to know when you will exit. You can set one or more profit targets, but it’s even more important to limit your losses. A stop-loss order or trailing stop can help you do just that. There are tons of ways to choose a stop loss level, from percentages, trend lines, and moving averages to the true average range or simple dollar amounts. You need to find the method that works for you and your trading psychology. It’s less important how you use them. It’s more important that you use them. Set a stop loss level before you trade and stick to it.

Position Sizing

One way to limit the amount of market risk you take is to limit the amount of money you invest. If you are placing a highly speculative trade, or one in which you have less confidence, you may want to limit your risk by taking a smaller than normal position. Similarly, if you are uncertain about market momentum, it may be wise to trade smaller until a more well-defined trend emerges. Always set rules for yourself on the maximum amount of money you are willing to risk on each trade as a percentage of your total investable capital.

Diversification

You’ve heard about this one before. It’s essential to diversify your capital by investing it in asset classes that aren’t correlated with one another. Unfortunately, there are times (like the recent market crash) where most asset classes move in unison. That’s why it’s important to keep at least some liquid cash on hand. There are many different ways to diversify your holdings: geographically, by asset class, sector, market capitalization, and many others. The key is to put your eggs in a few different baskets so that if one company, region, or asset class gets destroyed, your losses will be limited.

Rebalancing:

This strategy pertains more to market risk management for investors as opposed to traders. Many traders only actively trade a portion of their capital. They invest the rest of it (often their retirement funds) more conservatively, with a longer time horizon in mind. One risk management strategy for investors is to set an asset allocation (50% stocks, 30% bonds, and 20% cash, for example) and rebalance it periodically. If the equity portion of your portfolio has performed very well and it now constitutes 60% of your holdings, you would sell some of those holdings to bring your allocation back to 50%.
If your bond holdings have performed poorly and now makeup only 25% of your portfolio, you might consider buying more to rebalance your bond allocation. This is one way to buy low and sell high automatically.

Disciplined market risk management, in whichever form(s) you choose to implement, is the key to successful investing and trading. What kinds of strategies do you use to manage risk?

Book Review: The Investor’s Manifesto

William Bernstein says that he wrote The Investor’s Manifesto: Preparing for Prosperity, Armageddon and Everything in Between even though he swore he would never write another book after The Four Pillars of Investing (read my review) because, in his view, the dramatic market developments of 2008-09 provided a perfect “teachable” moment to clearly define a set of timeless investment principles.

In this book, Mr. Bernstein starts off with an overview of financial theory illustrated with relevant bits of financial history, then takes readers on a tour of the behavioral traps they might stumble into and concludes with the mechanics of building a portfolio. If this synopsis sounds familiar, it is because Four Pillars dealt with similar themes: the theory, history, psychology, and business of investing.Book review: the investor's manifesto 4Book review: the investor's manifesto 5

As you might expect of a brilliant writer like Mr. Bernstein, his writing is so quotable. Here are some examples:

Investors cannot earn high returns without occasionally bearing great loss. If the investor desires safety, then he or she is doomed to receive low returns”.

… the rewards of equity ownership are paid for in the universal currencies of financial risk: stomach acid and sleepless nights.

Much has been made lately of “black swans”: rare and supposedly unexpected events that roil society and the financial markets. In the world of finance, the only black swans are the history that investors have not read.

You are not as good looking, as charming, or as good a driver as you think you are. The same goes for your investing abilities. In an environment filled with incredibly smart, hard-working, and well-informed participants, the smartest trading strategy is not to trade at all.

Mr. Bernstein is a wise investor and talented writer and while The Investor’s Manifesto is a very good book, I feel that it doesn’t quite achieve the brilliance that The Four Pillars did. If you’ve read the previous book, you can re-read it and safely skip this one. If you haven’t read Four Pillars, perhaps that’s the Bernstein book you should be reading. The Investor’s Manifesto is published by John Wiley.